J.B. Green Jr., C.S. Daw, J.S. Armfield
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Knoxville TN 37932-6472
University of Tennessee
Knoxville TN 37996-2210
Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta GA 30332-0405
Spark-ignition engines exhibit patterns of increasing instability as engine fueling goes from stoichiometric to lean. The observation of time irreversibility in cycle-resolved combustion measurements indicates that this combustion instability is inherently nonlinear. Using time return maps and symbolic time-series analysis, we demonstrate the presence of strong time irreversibility in experimental data from production and laboratory spark-ignition engines under lean fueling. We propose that the time-irreversible patterns can be explained as the result of nonlinear coupling between successive cycles combined with the effects of dynamic noise. This model is inherently distinct from models which attempt to explain cyclic variations as arising from linear Gaussian random processes.
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