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Time irreversibility of cycle-by-cycle engine combustion variations

J.B. Green Jr., C.S. Daw, J.S. Armfield
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Knoxville TN 37932-6472

C.E.A. Finney
University of Tennessee
Knoxville TN 37996-2210

P. Durbetaki
Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta GA 30332-0405

Spark-ignition engines exhibit patterns of increasing instability as engine fueling goes from stoichiometric to lean. The observation of time irreversibility in cycle-resolved combustion measurements indicates that this combustion instability is inherently nonlinear. Using time return maps and symbolic time-series analysis, we demonstrate the presence of strong time irreversibility in experimental data from production and laboratory spark-ignition engines under lean fueling. We propose that the time-irreversible patterns can be explained as the result of nonlinear coupling between successive cycles combined with the effects of dynamic noise. This model is inherently distinct from models which attempt to explain cyclic variations as arising from linear Gaussian random processes.

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Green JB Jr, Daw CS, Armfield JS, Finney CEA, Durbetaki P (1998). Time irreversibility of cycle-by-cycle engine combustion variations. Proceedings of the 1998 Technical Meeting of the Central States Section of the Combustion Institute (Lexington, Kentucky USA; 1998 May 31 - June 02): 35-40.
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