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Measuring time irreversibility using symbolization

C.S. Daw
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Knoxville TN 37932-6472

C.E.A. Finney
University of Tennessee
Knoxville TN 37996-2210

M.B. Kennel
University of California, San Diego
La Jolla CA 92093-0402

We describe methods based on data symbolization for evaluating irreversibility in time series. Our methods test hypotheses about the degree of irreversibility in noisy measurements of complex processes. A symbolic approach is attractive because it is computationally efficient, robust to noise, and provides a clear basis for establishing statistical confidence limits. Speed and robustness are important for experimental applications where on-line diagnostics and control are desired. Our results are also relevant to the question of selecting alternative models for explaining observed data and for fitting model parametric values. We illustrate our points with output from numerical models and experimental data from combustion and multiphase-flow systems of engineering interest.

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Daw CS, Finney CEA, Kennel MB (1999). Measuring time irreversibility using symbolization. Fifth Experimental Chaos Conference (Orlando, Florida USA; 1999 June 28 - July 01), Poster 16.
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